Scheduled ancient monuments
Scheduled Ancient Monuments
Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) are above and beneath ground structures identified by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) as being nationally important archaeological remains. There are currently 10 Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) in Sunderland:-
Hastings Hill: includes a cursus, causeway enclosure and round barrows - identified by aerial photography as no surface earthworks remain.
Seven Sisters Round Barrow: a stone and earth mound 3m in height and 25m in diameter.
Ryhope Pumping Engines: with engine house, boiler house, chimney and reservoirs; these are complete and in good condition.
Hastings Hill Round Barrow: a stone and earth construction, 1m high and 12m in diameter. It is situated 230m west of Hastings Hill Farm.
Monkwearmouth Anglo-Saxon Monastery and Medieval Priory: includes remains about 1m beneath the present ground surface, confirmed through archaeological excavations.
Hylton Castle: includes the remains of a medieval fortified house, chapel and gardens. The only standing remains are the gatehouse tower, and the house itself. The gatehouse and chapel are also grade I listed buildings.
Bowes Railway: Dating from 1826, the site is the world's only surviving rope hauled railway at standard gauge. Mainly situated at Springwell Colliery, where the workshops are largely intact.
The Colliery Engine House at Washington F Pit: situated on the west side of Albany Way includes an early 20th Century colliery engine house and in-situ engine and steel lattice headgear.
World War I early warning acoustic mirror: situated on Namey Hill, 570m north of Carley Hill Cricket Ground. The mirror is also grade II listed.
Humbledon Hill: a defended settlement of Iron Age date which developed from a Later Bronze Age palisaded enclosure, surviving as the buried remains of its ditches and partially surviving banks.