Modern slavery encompasses slavery, servitude, and forced or compulsory labour and human trafficking.
Modern slavery is the term used within the UK and is defined within the Modern Slavery Act 2015. The Act categorises offences of Slavery, Servitude and Forced or Compulsory Labour and Human Trafficking.
These crimes include holding a person in a position of slavery, servitude, forced or compulsory labour, or facilitating their travel with the intention of exploiting them soon after.
Although human trafficking often involves an international cross-border element, it is also possible to be a victim of modern slavery within your own country.
It is possible to be a victim even if consent has been given to be moved.
Children cannot give consent to being exploited therefore the element of coercion or deception does not need to be present to prove an offence.
Modern slavery is a serious crime. It can also include sexual and criminal exploitation. Modern slavery victims can often face more than one type of abuse and slavery, for example if they are sold to another trafficker and then forced into another form of exploitation.
A person is trafficked if they are brought to (or moved around) a country by others who threaten, frighten, hurt and force them to do work or other things they don't want to do
Traffickers and slave masters use whatever means they have at their disposal to coerce, deceive and force individuals into a life of abuse, servitude and inhumane treatment
Information for the Public - how to report crimes of modern slavery
In the first instance the point of contact for all modern slavery crimes should be the local police force. If you have information about modern slavery crimes - those who are committing such crimes or where victims are at risk that requires an immediate response dial 999.
If you hold information that could lead to the identification, discovery and recovery of victims in the UK, you can contact the Modern Slavery Helpline 08000 121 700.
Alternatively you can make calls anonymously to Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111.
Information for frontline professionals - how to report modern slavery
It is your duty to report any suspicions of modern slavery or trafficking to the police.
Joint working between the police, social services and health is essential in tackling this crime, safeguarding and supporting the victims and prosecuting offenders.
If you suspect that someone is a victim of modern day slavery and they meet the adult safeguarding threshold, local safeguarding children and adults Report a Safeguarding concern - professionals and volunteers should be followed.
You can also access the Safeguarding Children referral form.
The duty to notify and the National Referral Mechanism
From 1 November 2015, specified public authorities are required to notify the Home Office about any potential victims of modern slavery they encounter in England and Wales. This is done through the National Referral Mechanism (NRM).
The NRM is a framework for identifying and referring potential victims of modern slavery and ensuring they receive the appropriate support.
The NRM is part of the National Crime Agency.
Any Modern Slavery crime should always be reported to the National Crime Agency through the National Referral Mechanism.
How to refer cases to the National Referral Mechanism?
Modern slavery is a complex crime and may involve multiple forms of exploitation. Victims may not be aware that they are being trafficked or exploited, and may have consented to elements of their exploitation, or accepted their situation. If you think that modern slavery has taken place, the case should be referred to the NRM so that a competent authority can fully consider the case. You don't need to be certain that someone is a victim.
If you think you have encountered a person who has been a victim of modern slavery in England and Wales, you should complete the NRM form and send it to the relevant competent authority.
Completing this NRM form is sufficient to satisfy this duty to notify as long as all of the sections marked with a † are completed.
Adults will only be accepted into the NRM if the consent section of the form has been completed. Informed consent requires that the potential victim have the NRM, the referral process, and potential outcomes, clearly explained to them.
Therefore, a notification to the Home Office will either be:
Help and support for victims
If you are identified as a victim of slavery, then you will be entitled to help and protection from the UK government under the National Referral Mechanism.