The schemes include resurfacing, work on bridges, and traffic schemes such as 20mph zones. The council's Cabinet backed the schemes at its meeting on Tuesday 24 March.
A sum of over £5.7m has been allocated to the projects as part of the council's 2020/2021 capital budget that was agreed at the beginning of the month.
Speaking outside of the meeting, Cabinet Member for Environment and Transport, Councillor Amy Wilson said: "Continued investment and maintenance of our highways, its bridges, and all its transport links have always been City Council priorities.
"In drawing up the annual programme, the council has consulted widely with feedback from councillors, from residents, from businesses and there is a robust and rigorous prioritisation process. The council has to look closely at traffic volumes, surface conditions for where there has been wear and tear, road safety, and all the feedback it receives."
In the programme for the financial year 2020/2021, are sections of some of the city's key routes including: the A183 Chester Road and A690 Durham Road in Millfield, the A182 in Copt Hill and Shiney Row, Southwick's A1290 Camden Street gyratory. Sections of the cross-city Sunderland and Washington highways are also due for resurfacing.
This year's bridge maintenance works includes a second phase of maintenance to the A182 Washington Interchange, work at the A1018 Newcastle Road bridge over the rail and Metro line, the Pallion New Road and Trimdon Street footbridge in Millfield, and the Stockton Road Metro bridge. A second phase of works at the A1231 Nissan Interchange is in the programme.
Further school 20mph zones are planned and the roll out of the Washington Concord, Biddick and Rickleton 20mph zone continues.
The full list of planned works is here: Highways report to Cabinet